Jan-Hannes Schäfer

Frozen motion: how cryo-EM changes the way we look at ABC transporters

Dmitry Shvarev, Dovile Januliene, Arne Moeller ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are widely present molecular machines that transfer substrates across the cell membrane. ABC transporters are involved in numerous physiological processes and are often clinical targets. Structural biology is fundamental to obtain the molecular details underlying ABC transporter function and suggest approaches to modulate it. Until …

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Single-Particle Cryo-EM of Membrane Proteins

Dovile Januliene and Arne Möller In the recent years, the protein databank has been fueled by the exponential growth of high-resolution electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) structures. This trend will be further accelerated through the continuous software and method developments and the increasing availability of imaging centers, which will open cryo-EM to a wide array of researchers …

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Cryo‐EM of ABC transporters: an ice‐cold solution to everything?

Dovile Januliene & Arne Moeller High-resolution cryo-EM has revolutionized how we look at ABC transporters and membrane proteins in general. An ever-increasing number of software tools and faster processing now allow dissecting the molecular details of nanomachines at atomic precision. Considering the further benefits of significantly reduced sample demands and increased speed, cryo-EM will dominate …

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Neue Möglichkeiten für die Strukturbestimmungvon Membranproteinen

Theresa Gewering, Arne Möller Membrane proteins establish the connection between the outside andthe inside of a cell. Even though 30 % of proteins in a cell are membraneassociated, their structural data is strongly underrepresented due tothe high flexibility and low purification yield. The resolution revolutionin cryo-EM opened up new opportunities to solve structures of dynamicmembrane …

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Structure of Merkel cell polyomavirus capsid and interaction with its 2 glycosaminoglycan attachment receptor

Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is a human double-stranded DNA tumor virus. MCPyV cell entry is unique among the polyomavirus family as it requires the engagement of two types of glycans, sialylated oligosaccharides and sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Here, we present crystallographic and cryo-electron microscopic structures of the icosahedral MCPyV capsid and analysis of its glycan interactions via NMR spectroscopy.

Conformation space of a heterodimeric ABC exporter under turnover conditions.

Our findings reveal that phosphate release, not ATP hydrolysis, triggers the return of the exporter to the IF conformation. By mapping the conformational landscape during active turnover, aided by mutational and chemical modulation of kinetic rates to trap the key intermediates, we resolved fundamental steps of the substrate translocation cycle of asymmetric ABC transporters.

Know your detergents: A case study on detergent background in negative stain electron microscopy

Electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) of purified macromolecular complexes is now providing 3D-structures at near-atomic resolution (Kühlbrandt, 2014). Cryo-EM can tolerate heterogeneous specimens, however, high-resolution efforts demand highly optimized samples.

The Immunomodulatory Drug Glatiramer Acetate is Also an Effective Antimicrobial Agent that Kills Gram-negative Bacteria

Classic drug development strategies have failed to meet the urgent clinical needs in treating infections with Gram-negative bacteria. Repurposing drugs can lead to timely availability of new antibiotics, accelerated by existing safety profiles. Glatiramer acetate (GA) is a widely used and safe formulation for treatment of multiple sclerosis.

Structure of the human MHC-I peptide-loading complex

The peptide-loading complex (PLC) is a transient, multisubunit membrane complex in the endoplasmic reticulum that is essential for establishing a hierarchical immune response. The PLC coordinates peptide translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum with loading and editing of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules.